What Type of Hair Do You Have?

Your hair is fickle. It can love the same haircare products for months and then, suddenly, make you wish you never used them. Or your hair can morph the minute you step outside. That makes it harder to care for. In short, your hair has a life of its own.

Getting to know your hair type and embracing it can help keep it under control and looking great no matter what “mood” it’s in.

The Four Hair Types

Before we get into that, it’s important to mention that your hair type (its curl pattern) is determined by genetics. Genetics decide the shape of your hair follicle – the more oval or asymmetrical the follicle, the curlier the hair.

Type 1 – Straight Hair

Straight hair has no natural curl and can be thick or thin, fine, or coarse. Type 1 hair tends to become oily, so avoid hair products that might add extra oil to your hair. You also want to avoid over-washing as that could cause the scalp to overproduce oils.

Type 2 – Wavy Hair

Type 2 hair can further be divided into three subcategories – 2A, 2B, and 2C. Type 2A hair tends to have a gentle, tousled texture. It is fairly straight from the roots to around eye level, and from eye level on it can take on a loose, undefined wave. If you like the waves, stay clear from creamy or oil based products that can flatten the wave. Instead, add a little mousse or gel to help define the waves. Type 2B hair curls from eye level to the ends, having a more defined S shape than that of 2A. Finally, 2C hair has a well-defined S shape and the curl pattern can start close to the crown. This type of hair is often thick and can be prone to frizzing in humid conditions. To keep frizz under control, use a diffuser and opt for lightweight mousses and other products that contain anti-humidity ingredients.

Type 3 – Curly Hair

Type 3 hair also has three subcategories. With type 3A hair, the S-shaped curls form loose loops with a circumference a bit wider than the thick end of a taper candle. When brushed out, it will frizz. Avoid pulling your hair up into a ponytail as doing so regularly can cause thinning and hair loss of the hairline. Type 3 hair has curls that spring from the roots and have plenty of volume. The curls require more moisture to keep their spiral shape so avoid products that can dry hair out. Tight, springy curls are classified as Type 3C. To prevent frizz and breakage, use a leave-in conditioner and rake your fingers through the hair instead of combing or brushing, and let air dry.

Type 4 – Coils

The final type of hair is the most delicate. The S-shaped coils in Type 4A are small enough to wrap around a ship stick or thin straw. The hair requires a lot of moisture in the form of conditioning masks, creams, and butters to remain healthy. With 4B hair, the curls have a zig-zag pattern. You can accentuate the curls by gently detangling wet hair with your fingers, adding liberal amounts of moisturizer, then separating the hair into four sections. Work gel or a curling cream down the length of each curl as you twist the strands around your index finger to help define the shape. The tightest and most fragile is Type 4C hair. Simply combing it too often can cause breakage. Nourish it frequently with rich conditioners and consider rinsing with conditioners instead of shampooing.

When in doubt, check with a hair stylist you trust. And, if you’re considering a hair transplant, hair type will factor into our recommendations and subsequent hair care recommendations. To learn more, schedule a free consultation today.

For many, the ketogenic (or keto) diet can be an effective way to lose weight. But like all diets, it isn’t without its share of potential side effects, including a change in the health and condition of your hair, and even hair loss. Fortunately, there are steps you can take to reduce and even eliminate that risk.

Of course, before starting any diet or exercise regimen, consult your primary health doctor.

A ketogenic diet is very low in carbs and high in fat content. It involves drastically reducing your carb intake and replacing it with fat. When your body starts using fat instead of carbohydrates for fuel, you enter a metabolic state called ketosis.

The state of ketosis can trigger changes in your hair’s health as well as hair loss. Here are the two most common causes:

  • When you reduce the calories you consume, your body responds by using energy to support the most important functions first, like heart, lungs and other organs, and cell growth.
  • When limiting intake of carbs, you may be reducing some of the nutrients your body needs to maintain healthy hair.

Important Nutrients for Healthy Hair

If you’re adhering to a keto diet, you may not be getting some of the key nutrients essential for hair health. Look for ways to add more of the following to your diet:

Biotin – Foods that are a good source of biotin and still mesh with a keto diet include egg yolks, nuts, cauliflower, and mushrooms.

Vitamin C – Vital for a strong immune system and overall health, vitamin C also helps produce collagen, which is needed to maintain healthy skin and hair. Yellow peppers, Brussel sprouts, kale, and mustard spinach are just some of the foods high in vitamin C that work with keto.

Vitamin D – Vitamin D helps boost calcium absorption to promote healthier hair. In addition to sunlight, keto-friendly sources of vitamin D include fatty fish, tuna, mushrooms, and egg yolks.

Vitamin E – Another great antioxidant, vitamin E can be found in nuts, sunflower seeds, spinach, tomatoes, and avocados.

Iron – Low iron levels can lead to dry, damaged hair and other health concerns including headaches, fatigue, and shortness of breath. Include shellfish, red meat, dark turkey meat, pumpkin seeds, and spinach in your diet to reduce your risk of an iron deficiency.

Sounds like a lot to remember, right? Well, the human body is a complex machine that needs constant looking after. But once you get the hang of things – including steps that keep your head of hair full and healthy – the process is likely to become second nature. For more information, contact DiStefano Hair Restoration Center today.


“You don’t know what you have until it’s gone.”  If you had a dollar for every time someone spoke those words to you…well, you’d have at least a few more bucks in your pocket. And yet that cliché – as tired as it might be – still hold water when it comes to thinning or balding hair.

Hair plays a significant role in how a person looks and can affect the way people see themselves. In fact, hair loss can lead to anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, and more. So, what’s the good news? You don’t have to sit idly by and watch your hair disappear. A hair transplant can help bring back that full head of hair you once had, or at the very least, give you a fuller head of hair than the one you’re sporting now.

What to Expect

Hair transplant surgery involves moving your natural hair (donor hair) to an area with thin or no hair. During your up-front consultation, your doctor will evaluate your hair loss and discuss treatment options. Procedures are typically done in a hair surgeon’s office and begin with a thorough cleaning of your scalp followed by an injection to numb the area the grafts will be removed from.

Once the grafts are prepared, the surgeon cleans and numbs the receiving area and delicately places each graft into a slit or hole he or she creates with a needle or scalpel. The process usually takes between 4 and 8 hours, depending on the extent of the transplant. A patient may also need a touch-up procedure to create more natural looking results.


Following surgery, your scalp may feel tender and you may need pain medication for several days. Your scalp will be covered with bandages for a day or two and you may be prescribed an antibiotic or anti-inflammatory. Barring any complications, you should be able to return to work in 2 to 5 days, although it is recommended to avoid strenuous activity for at least 10 days post-surgery.

To ensure that your incisions are healing properly, your doctor will likely want to see you several times during the first month after the procedure. It’s imperative that you follow any advice you receive at your follow-up visits.

The transplanted hair will fall out about 2 to 3 weeks after surgery and you should begin to see new hair growth within a few months. Most patients will notice approximately 60% of new hair growth around the 6 to 9 month mark at a rate of about half an inch per month.

Does that sound like something you can live with, and perhaps not live without? Either way it’s time to learn more during a free consultation with the transplant team at DiStrefano Hair Restoration Center. We look forward to giving you back your hair.

Hair transplant surgeons, doctors, and researchers use several classification systems to measure the extent of male pattern baldness. The most prevalent among them is the Norwood scale – or, the Hamilton-Norwood scale – first

introduced by James Hamilton in the 1950s and revised by O’Tar Norwood in the 1970s. It measures the severity and pattern of male hair loss in 7 stages.

Stage 1

The least amount of hair loss at the hairline, thus make treatment unnecessary. However, if you have a family history of hair loss, you should monitor changes and discuss your options with a hair restoration specialist when you feel the time is right.

Stage 2

Slight recession of the hairline around the temples, often referred to as a “mature” hairline. A small amount of hair loss also can appear in the middle of the front head.

Stage 3

First signs of clinically significant balding appear, though still classified as small to moderate. The hairline becomes recessed at the temples in an M, U, or V shape. Hair loss in the crown area also can occur during this stage.

Stage 4

Hair recession appears more severe than in stage 2, with little to no hair on the vertex (or crown area). The areas of sparse-to-no-hair are separated by a band of hair that connects to remaining hair on the sides of the scalp.

Stage 5

The balding at the temporal and vertex regions are larger than in stage 4, and the band of hair between the hair loss areas is narrower and sparser.

Stage 6

From the hairline to the crown area, very little natural hair is present. The temporal balding areas join with the balding area at the crown.

Stage 7

The most severe stage of hair loss, with only a band of hair going around the sides of the head. Any remaining hair is usually not dense and may be fine.

A less common form of hair loss is called Norwood class A, where the hairline recedes uniformly from front to back. There is no “island” of hair in the middle and no bald area at the crown.

Where do you fall on this scale of 1 to 7, and how rapidly are you progressing from one to another? If you’re concerned about hair loss and want to restore all that you once had, contact DiStefano Hair Restoration Center today for a free initial consultation.

You can’t help but notice and think about your hair every day. Is it tidy enough so you can venture out, even to run an errand? Is it time for a trim? Oops, you might just need to little color touch-up. You get the idea.

Beyond playing an integral role in your appearance, hair can be sending signals about overall health. Changes in texture, thickness, and appearance can be signs of an underlying healthy problem.

Here are 6 things to watch out for.

Turning Gray – Going gray is a natural part of aging and, depending on your genes, you might see the first signs of silver much earlier than expected. In addition to age, stress can cause turn your hair gray and even fall out. Chronic stress can cause DNA damage and reduce the supply of pigment-producing cells.

Brittle Hair – Cushing’s syndrome is a rare condition caused by the adrenal glands’ over-production of cortisol – the body’s primary stress hormone. Symptoms of Cushing’s syndrome include high blood pressure, back pain, fatigue, and brittle hair.

Hair Thinning – Increased hair shedding and a change in overall appearance – along with fatigue, cold intolerance, joint and muscle pain, and weight gain – can be a symptom of hypothyroidism. This condition occurs when your thyroid gland doesn’t make enough thyroid hormones.

Hair Shedding – If you suddenly notice more hair going down the shower drain, it could mean your body is low in iron – at that point, it’s a good idea to talk to your primary doctor about testing. Vegetarians and women with heavy periods have an increased chance of being iron deficient, though hair shedding also can occur after pregnancy or stopping birth control pills, both of which cause sudden changes in estrogen levels.

Hair Loss – Though not a problem for most Americans, protein deficiency has been linked to hair thinning and loss. Some individuals may have gastrointestinal issues that make it difficult to digest protein.

White or Yellow Flakes – Flakes in your hair or on your shoulders typically indicate a chronic scalp condition or dandruff. Either way, the effects often can be erased by usually over-the-counter or prescription shampoo.

The moral is, don’t assume that the symptom explains the cause, as there are multiple causes of hair loss. Schedule a free consultation to discover what a hair transplant can do for you.

Our bodies need a steady supply of water not only to function properly, but to thrive. Yet it’s estimated that only about 25% of the population drinks the recommended daily amount of water. In fact, while you read this, your body may be lacking the water it so desperately needs.

Dehydration not only disrupts he efficiency of our organs and bodily functions but can contribute to hair loss.

How Do I Know I’m Dehydrated?

  • Extreme thirst
  • Less frequent urination
  • Darker urine color
  • Dizziness or light headedness
  • Unexplained fatigue
  • Unexplained muscle cramps
  • Mood swings
  • Trouble focusing

What Causes Dehydration?

The obvious answer is inadequate water intake. But it’s not that simple. Frequent exercise or any strenuous activity can cause you to dehydrate, as can being in very hot weather (sweating). During cold weather months, dry indoor air can pull essential moisture from your hair and skin. Any illness that results in vomiting, diarrhea, excessive sweat, and fever also can cause dehydration. Are you on any medications that cause you to urinate more frequently? They can be making you dehydrated, too.

How Does Water Influence Hair Growth?

Your body is comprised of 60% water. When it is well hydrated, it functions properly. Water is particularly important to hair follicles – the fasted growing tissue in the human body. Proper hydration helps promote healthy hair and directly influences growth. When you’re dehydrated, your hair will begin to lose its luster and fullness, become thin, brittle, and dry, and become susceptible to breakage.

How Do I Stay Hydrated?

A liquid is a liquid, right? Well, not when it comes to hydration. Alcohol and caffeinated beverages, while liquids, cause you to lose water through more frequent urination. Juices and soft drinks are often high in sugar and calories, which isn’t great for your overall health. For best results, stick to plain old water to maintain proper hydration. Add fresh fruit slices or a squirt of fresh citrus juice for flavor.

If you’re experiencing hair loss – regardless of the reason – and you want it back, now’s a great to schedule a free consultation to with DiStefano Hair Restoration Center. We’ll show you the way to looking like yourself again.

No matter where you are on a hair loss journey, chances are you can successfully undergo a treatment plan to restore not only your hair, but your confidence, too.


Male pattern baldness can start as early as adolescence. As a rule, the earlier you begin to lose it, the more hair loss you will experience. Most doctors, however, caution against undergoing hair restoration surgery too early since hair loss patterns are often difficult to predict.

During a consultation, we will examine your scalp, the density of your hair, the amount of donor hair available, and discuss factors such as family history of baldness, your medical history, and any other factors that might be contributing to your hair loss.

Hair follicles that are still active are a good sign of eligibility for hair restoration. However, even if you are completely bald, there are options available to you. Some individuals are candidates for the transplantation of body hair or coarser beard hair.


During hair transplant surgery, a trained, board certified doctor surgically grafts hair to a patient’s scalp to create a natural looking “finished product.” And while the results are often life changing, it’s important to have realistic expectations when considering hair restoration options. For example, the result for a balding man in his 60s will likely differ from what a man in his 40s with a receding hairline might experience.

Lots of questions, right? Well, the surgical team at DiStefano Hair Restoration has the answers you want and need to move ahead with confidence and realistic expectations. We’ll also help you explore your transplant options.

Contact us today for a free consultation.


These are unusual times. Unusual times call for blogs that step away from the mainstream of our hair transplant practice to provide you with timely information on how to cope with the simple act of daily living.

This blog goes to press at the end of March 2020. It’s relevant now and, unfortunately, we’re confident it will be again. You might want to bookmark it for when that time comes.

So, let’s get started. You’re home, self-confined and tolerating it. What choice do you have?  At first, the thought of lounging around all day might have seemed appealing – especially if you still have a secure source of income. Or maybe you’re busy working, but from withing the confines of your abode. It doesn’t take long for a lack of variety and boredom to set in.

If staying home is changing the way you look and feel, try these self-care tips.

Take Up Meditation

If you’re feeling anxious about the current situation, you are not alone. Try a guided meditation to help you feel more centered and calmer. Meditation has been found to help reduce stress, improve focus, reduce brain clutter, and connect better with family and friends. Sure, it won’t change the events of the world, but it might help you cope better.

Try At-Home Exercise

Don’t let a closed gym or yoga studio prevent your from getting in some regular exercise. Not only does it help keep you in shape, it’s a great way to boost endorphins which help improve your mood. Find an online program that you can do with no equipment three times a week, take a 30 minute walk, or put on your favorite tunes and have a dance party. Hey, there’s no time like social-distancing to dance like no one is watching!

Treat yourself to a beauty treatment.

Whether it’s an at-home mani and pedi, a DIY facial, or treating your hair and scalp to a nourishing treatment, taking time out to pamper yourself can brighten your mood. If you’re used to taking a shower, putting on make-up, and doing your hair before heading out the door for the day, keep the same routine going, even if you reduce the frequency.

Get plenty of sleep.

One of the best ways to boost mood, energy, and even immunity is to ensure a good night’s sleep. Stop playing games on your phone, texting, or watching TV at least a half hour before bedtime. Settle down with a good book, try writing in a journal, or practice meditation to help clear your mind of the day’s worries. Consider a sound machine to produce soothing sounds to help you fall asleep gradually; or, try aromatherapy with essential oils like lavender or chamomile.

Thinning Eyebrows

As you age, certain bodily changes start taking place. Some may come on so slowly and subtly, you barely notice them from year to year – like laugh lines and crow’s feet, stray grey hairs, and thinning brows.

That’s right, our eyebrows can show signs of aging, too. Here’s why your Thinning Eyebrowseyebrows might be thinning and what you can do about it.

  • Much like those on your head, eyebrow hair follicles age and can lead to thinner, more sparse-looking brows.
  • Eyebrow hair loss is a common symptom of thyroid deficiency. If you notice thinning brows, contact your primary care physician to have your thyroid checked.
  • Thinning brows also can be caused by a nutritional deficiency, specifically iron. See your doctor before you start taking supplements.
  • Atopic dermatitis, eczema, and other skin conditions can lead to thinning brows. Inflammation of the skin around the brow area and itching can cause the hair to thin.
  • Sudden hormonal changes in women can cause telogen effluvium (sudden hair loss) on both the scalp and brow area. Many women experience this postpartum as well as during menopause.
  • As with scalp hair loss, genetics can play a role in dictating at what age, if at all, you’ll notice changes in your brows’ fullness.
  • Over-grooming can cause permanent thinning or make any of the above factors worse. If you’ve over-tweezed, plucked, or waxed earlier in life, hair follicles could have suffered a trauma and died.

Regardless of the causes, here are some steps you can take to help keep your brows looking full and thick.

Groom with caution. Instead of keeping weekly brow maintenance appointments, consider taking a more natural approach. That’s because waxing, tweezing, and threading inflicts trauma on hair follicles, resulting in permanent damage. If you grew up during the pencil-thin eyebrow trend, you likely know how difficult it is to regrow lost hair. Try to extend the amount of time between appointments, or do away with waxing, threading, or tweezing altogether. Instead, opt for an eyebrow razor to help them.

Fake, fuller brows. Choose a good quality eyebrow pencil and powder to fill in brows with gentle, hair-like strokes, and finish with a tinted eyebrow gel which will keep them in place and achieve a more natural look.

Consider a more permanent solution. An eyebrow transplant may be the answer for those individuals who are experiencing permanent eyebrow hair loss. Much like a traditional hair transplant, hair grafts are taken from hairs above your ears and transferred to your brow area. And, because hair follicles are transferred, not just the individual hairs, this ensures that new hairs are able to grow once initially transferred hairs fall out.

If you’re unhappy with the look of your eyebrows or your own attempts to correct the problem, contact DiStefano today to schedule a free consultation. We offer solutions you can live with – permanently.

Your health is your precious commodity. Hence, all the public focus on regular exercise, adequate rest, proper nutrition, and other healthy habits. In fact, you might be an avid label checker, scrutinizing packaged food items at the grocery store and only selecting those that help you achieve a healthy lifestyle.

But what happens when you get to the hair-care aisle? Are you just as careful or do you routinely grab the same shampoo and conditioner, or whatever happens to be on sale? The truth is, what goes on our bodies is just as important as what goes in them. And that includes shampoo.

Here are 7 common shampoo ingredients you should avoid to prevent itchiness, irritation, hair damage, and even hair loss.

Petroleum – Made from the same product that makes fuel oil, petroleum can prevent your body from naturally absorbing moisture, which is necessary for healthy hair and skin. A scalp that is dry and flaky can cause hair breakage and even inhibit hair growth.

Mineral Oil – While it may sound like a healthy hair care ingredient, mineral oil can clog hair follicles, disrupt the scalp’s natural moisture balance, and prevent the skin from ridding itself of toxins.

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate – Used to create a lather when mixed with water, SLS is great at helping remove oil and dirt from hair. However, it can also strip hair of its natural oils, resulting in dry, damaged hair with continued use.

Synthetic Dyes – That pale pink or pearlescent blue color may be pleasing to the eye, but the synthetic dyes used to fill your shampoo bottle with color can block follicles and inhibit hair growth, increase skin sensitivity and irritation, and leave a slue of toxins behind.

Parabens – Parabens are preservatives used in hair care products and cosmetics to prevent them from going bad. They also can disrupt the body’s hormonal cycle by mimicking estrogen. This disruption has been shown to increase the risk of breast cancer, cause early puberty in girls, and may even lead to testicular cancer in men.

Formaldehyde – You read right! The same chemical found in building material, glues, and adhesives can be released by other ingredients typically found in your shampoo. Formaldehyde is categorized as a “probable human carcinogen” by the EPA.

Isopropyl Alcohol – Not all alcohols used in shampoos are bad for your hair and scalp. However, Isopropyl alcohol can remove much needed moisture from your hair and cause it to dry out and become brittle. Also, because it disrupts the skin’s natural moisture balance, it can exacerbate dry and sensitive skin and scalp issues.

Here at DiStefano Hair Restoration Center, we’re in the hair replacement business, but that doesn’t mean we’re not committed to helping you protect and keep the hair you already have. Of course we are. That’s why our hair transplant patients receive complete post-surgery advice, including our recommendations on the best hair care products for regular use.

Are you a candidate for a hair transplant? If so, contact us today to schedule a free consultation.